This response to the Care Quality Commission (CQC) health and social care fees consultation is submitted by the National Care Forum (NCF).
The National Care Forum (NCF)
is the leading representative body for not-for-profit health and social care providers in the United Kingdom. Membership of the NCF reflects the wide diversity of care and support services provided by the not-for-profit sector. NCF members
’ collectively support thousands of care users and provide care services in every local authority area. Please note that NCF members have been encouraged to respond directly to CQC on this consultation.
In preparing this response NCF have utilised the response it made in 2016 as many of the comments continue to hold true from the perspective of our membership.
Summary of our response:
The NCF have been actively engaged in the CQC Cross Sector Advisory Group (formerly the CQC Fees Advisory Group) comprised of sector representative bodies. NCF has been represented at these meetings by the Policy and Communications Director.
This ‘consultation’ in our view is not a true consultation as it merely sets out that which the CQC set in motion in 2016 towards achieving full cost recovery through the fees process.
We re iterate from last year: “we understand the Government’s policy of recovering the costs of CQC’s chargeable activities from fees, but we are nevertheless deeply concerned that the providers would also like to have full cost recovery regarding their fees for services they provide. At present Local Authorities do not pay the true cost of care resulting in in self-funding clients potentially facing unprecedented increases in fees to compensate for this. Whilst our members as not for profit care providers try not to do this they are equally not in a position to sustain a loss either. This approach in our view lacks transparency and is potentially unfair to social care providers.”
Our position remains: “whilst we remain committed to a system where providers pay a differentiated fee proportionate to the regulatory services provided the current proposals are not palatable”. Particularly hard hit are Home Care Providers.
CQC’s strategic direction for fees and sectorial differences
CQC set out in its fees strategy, the need to demonstrate fairness to all sectors by eliminating variances between sectors. However, this proposal continues to show that social care is contributing more than any other sector towards cost recovery. This shows, as it did last year, social care providers contributing more than either of the other two major directorates.
Does Adult Social Care (ASC) really utilise a greater proportion of CQC’s resources compared to other regulated services?’
The claim to be reducing reliance on public money seems disingenuous to us. Especially in relation to the NHS which is funded by public money. This argument in the case of the NHS and some other sectors too is a matter of simply moving public money around.
Despite the willingness of CQC’s top-team to work constructively with providers our members still regularly report concerns about inconsistencies and poor attitudes among individual inspectors. With regard to recovering costs it’s worth pointing out that other statutory inspection services (e.g. Fire, Environmental Health) do not charge for their services at all.
The proposed increase
The bleak economic context has had, and continues to have, a huge impact on individuals and providers alike and plays-out in low staff pay, growing recruitment and retention difficulties and ever-tighter operating margins. Care homes, especially for older people, are already significantly underfunded and simply will not be able to pass on the proposed fee increase to their customers – whether local authorities or those people paying the full cost of their own care. Ultimately, continual cuts in funding, alongside rising costs, threaten quality and seriously undermine provider sustainability. The rates proposed do not demonstrate regard for the introduction of the National Living Wage or the apprenticeship levy and the impact these will have on providers.
Severe public expenditure cuts are with us now and for the foreseeable future; which exert a large influence over the market. NCF welcomed CQC’s written and verbal stance on the state of Adult Social Care Funding in the last State of Care report. The point however has tipped therefore going beyond ‘tipping point’!
Providers continue to experience the greatest period of sustained downward pressure on fees for a generation and this will continue for the foreseeable future. Almost all providers have seen fee levels reduced by Councils and few providers have been able to pay any consolidated cost-of-living award to front-line staff for the past three years, and in some cases longer.
Recruitment and retention is worsening as employment figures improve and there are a number of critical employment ‘hot-spots.’ Already extremely tight operating margins look set to deteriorate further and this critically impacts on staff pay, and influences recruitment and retention. Adding the proposed fee increase to costs will only serve to exacerbate an increasingly fragile market and, in our view, will further threaten provider sustainability.
Example from NCF members (in their own words):
"The proposed free increase for our homes is about 3.9% (60 and 63 beds). This is above inflation...
"We consider it is reasonable for the CQC to charge a fee based on full cost recovery provided it operates the same approach to all areas of its activities...
"We consider the real issue is that government charges full cost recovery for CQC – but the fees it pays to care providers are frequently far less than full cost recovery (especially for services provided to local authority and NHS funded residents). We consider that government should operate a level playing field – and that government bodies (including the NHS and local authorities) should be required to pay the reasonable full cost of care for residents where they are responsible for paying care fees."
This raises the crucial question as to whether the cost and volume of work CQC puts into care homes inspection is disproportionate compared to other healthcare services which are more complex and have more inherent risk.
National Care Forum