This report focuses on possible options to increase the funding available to adult social care. The report recognises that the current pressures on adult social care are likely to increase as demand for care grows ahead of available funding, resulting in a £2.7 billion funding gap by 2020/21 and £9.5 billion by 2030/31. The report shows that changes to benefits (such as reductions in access to Winter Fuel allowance, TV licenses, removal of triple lock etc…) are unlikely to raise enough money to fill the funding gap in isolation. They are also are more likely to be regressive. And changes to benefits often garner less political support than tax rises (for example National Insurance and Inheritance Tax) which generally raise more money and are more progressive. An increase in the National Insurance employer main rate by 1 per cent would immediately raise £5billion.
However, this does not mean any of these options, including a change in National Insurance are an easy sell. The public are sceptical that the funding gap in social care should be filled by increases in taxes or a reduction in benefits. They conclude that government must overcome this scepticism – resetting the terms of the debate – if it is to deliver the funding and reform our social care system so desperately needs. Read the report in full